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    Exploring the limits of global models for

    integration and use of historical

    and scientific information

    ICS-FORTH, Heraklion, Crete, Greece

    Stelios Orphanoudakis Hall at:

    Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH)
    Vassilika Vouton,
    Heraklion, Crete,


    October 23-24, 2006


    Effective large scale information integration requires an agreement on the common semantics of the data structure elements and other categories employed. Recently, there has been increasing doubt about the possibility of global ontological models. However, knowledge integration based on mere similarity of categories, such as “inexact equivalence” does not allow for precise, global querying advanced reasoning, or interoperability. On the other hand, practical core ontologies such as CIDOC CRM (ISO21127:2006) demonstrate a surprisingly wide validity over multiple domains.
    This workshop explores the limits of such global models for integrating and making use of historical and scientific information, in order to enhance both, our theoretical understanding of the limits of ontological agreement in a specific application setting, and our practical understanding of how to implement effective large scale knowledge integration services and exploit the power of global models.

    The application of formal ontologies in cultural domains such as museums, libraries, and archives, the semantic web, and other related areas, inevitably raises difficult theoretical problems which appear to complicate the development of practical ontologies. For instance, these problems affect directly the performance of information systems, when there is no agreement on the identity and unity of referred items, such as:

    • Does Tut-Ankh Amun still exist (i.e. as a mummy)
    • Is Luther's translation an expression of the Holy Bible or another work?
    • Is Caesar's coming to the Curia a part of the event of his murder?
    • How can the respective ontological choices be objectified, and how can they be reconciled in practical applications?
    • To which degree compatible generalizations of a model can compensate inconsistencies following the widening of the scope of a model? What are the limits of ontology harmonization?
    • Which kinds of concepts tend to be globally compatible and which not, and in which sense?

    This workshop elicits contributions related to studies, experiences and practical and theoretical solutions around the above problems. As well as formal information systems approaches to these problems we welcome contributions based on perspectives from philosophy, from cognitive science, and from the social sciences.

    On the other side, this workshop elicits contributions about the application and prospects and limits of domain overarching information integration, in particular with respect to cultural heritage and scientific information. Issues in this area include:

    • Models for the semantic interoperability and integration of scientific and cultural information and possibly other disciplines.
    • The long-term preservation and future interoperability of data structure semantics.
    • Scalable information architectures, linking and reasoning services under semantic models, in particular scalable solutions.

    The following topics are of particular interest:

    • Philosophical implications or controversies with respect ontological choices of the CIDOC CRM, FRBR and other core ontologies for information in libraries, archives, museum and scientific data repositories.
    • Identity and temporal existence of conceptual items. Identity of Works. Can works or texts gain or lose non-relational properties? Is identity based on the continuity of tradition or essential properties?
    • Work as continuant versus Work as occurrent.
    • Identity and substance of events, parts of events, spatiotemporal limits of events in non-discrete models compatible with the nature of historical records.

    Methods for managing the practical needs of information systems.

    • Objective criteria for selecting and justifying ontological choices in information systems
    • Harmonization of ontologies. Can Digital Libraries be based on one global information model, or why not?
    • Integrating cultural and scientific heritage: Scientific records as historical data. Integrated access and (re)use. E-science metadata. The relevance of factual knowledge for e-science.
    • Preservation of data structure semantics – interoperability with the future.
    • Knowledge extraction and core ontologies.
    • Document linking and semantic relationships.
    Organizers: CIDOC CRM Special Interest Group, ICS-FORTH, DELOS Network of Excellence
    Workshop Chairs: Martin Doerr and Allen Renear
    Program Committee: Martin Doer, Institute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology, Heraklion, Greece
    Allen Renear, Graduate School of Library and Information Science,       University of Illinois
    Laure Vieu, Laboratory for Applied Ontology (ISTC-CNR), Trento
    Siegfried Krause, Germanisches Nationalmuseum
    Christian-Emil Ore, Unit for digital documentation, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo
    Dolores Iorizzo, London e-Science Center, Imperial College London
    Liz Lyon, UKOLN, University of Bath
    Invited Speaker: Nicola Guarino, Laboratory for Applied Ontology (ISTC-CNR), Trento

    Submission Information:

    Proposals 1000-1750 word extended abstract (excluding bibliography and a 100-300 word short abstract)

    Due August 20th 2006.

    Notification of Acceptance: September 15th.

    Format: PDF. With author's contact information (including phone numbers and email addresses) clearly evident near the top of the proposal.

    Email proposal as an attachment to Allen Renear. , cc to Martin Doerr, . Receipt of submissions will be acknowledged.

    The authors of the best contributions will be invited to submit full papers for a special issue in the Journal for Applied Ontologies.

    Registration Information

    There is no fee. Please send email to Allen Renear ( or) and Martin Doerr ( if you intend to attend.  Include contact information and indicate your particular interests in these topics of the workshop.

    Stelios Orphanoudakis Hall at:
    Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH)
    Vassilika Vouton,
    Heraklion, Crete,

    Location Information

    Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH) Institute of Computer Science (ICS), Heraklion, Crete, Greece.
    See for directions to ICS-FORTH.

    Recommended hotels

    Lato *** (+30 2810 228103)
    Atlantis **** (+30 2810 229103)
    Irini ** (+30 2810 226561)

    All located close to the archeological museum and harbour.
    Please ask for corporate rate for guests of ICS-FORTH.

    Other Hotels, such as the luxury Candia Maris at Ammoudara Beach close to FORTH may make special offers in direct contact. (

    For Greek national flights Aegean Airlines is recommended for reliability.

    Last updated: 25/09/2006

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