Issue 557: Which family model should classes (i) Provision and (ii) Business Obligation appear under?

ID: 
557
Starting Date: 
2021-09-30
Working Group: 
3
Status: 
Open
Background: 

In the 50th joint meeting of the CIDOC CRM SIG and SO/TC46/SC4/WG9; 43nd FRBR – CIDOC CRM Harmonization meeting, upon discussing issue 420, the SIG resolved to start a new issue where to determine what is the most appropriate CRM extension to host classes socExx Provision and socExx Business Obligation plus the set of relevant properties whereby to link from and to them. 

The definitions of the classes and their examples have been agreed upon in the context of issue 420
The two classes could either become part of the new extension for Activity Plans and Business Transactions (see issue 419) or they could lie in the newly-defined scope of CRMsoc.

HW for AK, MD, TV, SdS, FB to work on the properties and examples. 

June 2021

In the 52nd joint meeting of the CIDOC CRM SIG and ISO/TC46/SC4/WG9; 45th FRBR - CIDOC CRM Harmonization meeting; the SIG went through the diagrams illustrating the examples by AK for Provision and Business Obligations. MD proposed to make this model into a CRM extension of its own (CRMbiz or other label) that serves to document business transactions. 

The following outline was proposed (shaping the scope of the model as it were -a reference to everything else it covers, aside business transactions):

  • material provision of things (labor, services, money, goods)
  • social exchanges for material gain
  • incorporate constructs from SeaLit (and other projects –f.i. Spectrum, documentation of Nazi theft, BM project for illicit trading) to draft the practical scope of the document (discuss with RS, SdS)
  • museum transactions for object acquisition/exchange etc

Decision:

  • The SIG accepted the proposal to create this extension 
  • HW assigned to SdS and MD to turn this outline into a practical scope for the definition document. They are to consult RS for this task. 
  • The label of the model will be discussed in a separate issue 
  • The issue can close once the practical scope has been accepted. 

In the 53rd CIDOC CRM & 46th FRBRoo SIG meeting, CEO gave an outline of the issue. 

The Sig had appointed MD & SdS to turn the bullet-points in the list below into a practical scope for the business model (a reference to everything else it covers, aside business transactions).

  • material provision of things (labor, services, money, goods)
  • social exchanges for material gain
  • incorporate constructs from SeaLit (and other projects –f.i. Spectrum, documentation of Nazi theft, BM project for illicit trading) to draft the practical scope of the document (discuss with RS, SdS)
  • museum transactions for object acquisition/exchange etc

Discussion:
The HW has not been turned in, and SdS wants out of it (does not have the time to engage). No access to documentation re. the Nazi theft. However, there is ample data from SeaLiT (access to sources such as account books).

New twist on the HW:

  • reference the publicly accessible archival material from SeaLit (AK, PF)
  • Spectrum data model: what are the fields that Spectrum uses to document museum transactions? Consult the minutes of the 32nd CDOC CRM Sig meeting and their mapping to CIDOC CRM (AK)
  • The outcomes of the discussion in Issue 273 Business Transactions can also feed into the scope of the model.
  • MD to combine the collected info in the scope of the model,
  • SdS to proofread

May 2022

Post by Martin Doerr (21 November 2022)

I propose the following Introduction:

Introduction

This document presents CRMcom, an extension of the CIDOC CRM created to support the study of real business transactions, formal and informal exchange and transfer of goods and services and related communications from all sorts of evidence, in particular via reliable information integration from archival material and evidence of the wherabouts of respective things. This document describes work which uses and extends the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM, ISO21127). The CIDOC-CRM definition document should be read before this document. References to the CIDOC-CRM in this document are taken from CIDOC-CRM version 7.1.1 maintained by CIDOC.

Scope

The classes and properties of the CIDOC-CRM can be used to describe events that have taken place in the past, their material context, participating entities and, in the case of activities, the general influence on and motivations of people as it becomes evident from activities. Such events are known to us through observation of the events, reports from the past or through observation of the extent material evidence that such events have produced. The CIDOC-CRM classes and properties, as defined in the CIDOC-CRM version 7.1.1, do not include more detailed classes of activities characterizing collaborations between social partners in the pursuit of some shared or complementary goals. This extensions aims at contributing to the documentation of such phenomena, completely within the functional specifications of the CIDOC CRM.

Consequently, the theorectical scope of this extension can be described as communications and interactions between partners in an exchange of material goods, information and services, together with the related concepts of the created and resolved social obligations, but also other communication, be they related to duties in offices and enterprises, to research, scholarship or other interests. Such knowledge can provide substantial insight into the economic bases, needs and ambitions of individuals, enterprises and whole social groups, their wider intentions, needs and hardship and the influence on their decision and other activities of any kind.

As practical scope, we refer to commercial account books and archives of historical enterprises, exchange of objects between memory institutions and/or private collectors, including evidence of illegal trafficking of cultural objects, in particular now via Internet, but also any other exchange of letters and messages between indivuals of historical interest.

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Research questions are:

Information integration in order to investigate as complete knowledge as possible about transactions and communications, in particular message exchange, orders and offers, as exemplified by particular cases, in order to interpret:

 - commercial relations between partners

- evolution of commerce and flow of goods, at any scale in cultural historical context

- provenance of art objects and illicit trafficking

- social networks of partners in business, research or political relations

- economic basis of individuals and groups.

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Initial empirical material for the development of the model:
Publicly accessible archival material from the European SeaLit Project (https://sealitproject.eu/one-institution-information/362 , i.e., logbooks, account books, registration data etc. from commercial ships.

The "Spectrum" data model, instances to be found

Internet data of auctions and other sales offers of archaeological objects, in particular suspect items.

Expert opinions, if possible, from the British Museum about illicit trafficking.

All partners on this mailing list are kindly invited to look for other data that could be used.

Best wishes,

Martin

 

Post by Athina Kritsotaki (25 November 2022)

Dear all,

Regarding my HW (refer the publicly accessible archival material from SeaLit and find the fields that Spectrum uses to document museum transactions), you can find the reference in this doc https://docs.google.com/document/d/1r5mgVbLmD3bwjgaWkyQapHedpplSvXEe/edi... a selection of related Spectrum categories in this https://docs.google.com/document/d/1zsoc6tCRum6OuTSveqqbpuX9D1UoRjyt/edi...
There is also helpful material regarding Spectrum (https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1HyVxXE456MEx4MycNk3gf4UtjvANvx4H), such as an old mapping (SPECTRUM TO CIDOC CRM) and the model I proposed during 52 CIDOC CRM Meeting)

BRs

Athina

In the 55th joint meeting of the CIDOC CRM and SO/TC46/SC4/WG9; 48th FRBR/LRMoo SIG meeting,

Belval, December 2022

 

Current Proposal: 

In the 55th joint meeting of the CIDOC CRM and SO/TC46/SC4/WG9; 48th FRBR/LRMoo SIG meeting, the SIG was brought up to speed with the current state of the issue, namely: 

  • AK, PF have provided MD with material from SeaLiT and Spectrum that showcase the bottom-up development of CRMcom (.rar)
  • MD has drafted a scope for CRMcom based on this (and possibly other) material

Nb: The SIG did not discuss the contents of the proposed scope for CRMcom on the grounds that there is substantial overlap and potential conflict between this model (covering contracts/final exchanges) and CRMsoc. 

Decision: Before voting on the proposed scope for CRMcom, the SIG should resolve what the status of CRMsoc will be. The discussion should take place when all parties are present (for CRMsoc that involves GB, FB and for CRMcom MD, AK, PF, DO and AG-who has volunteered to work on CRMcom).

Belval, December 2022

 

Reference to Issues:

Meetings discussed: