version 7.1.1

Volume A:

Definition of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model


Produced by the CIDOC CRM

Special Interest Group


Version 7.1.1


April 2021


Editors: Chryssoula Bekiari, George Bruseker, Martin Doerr, Christian-Emil Ore, Stephen Stead, Athanasios Velios


CC BY 4.0  2021 Individual Contributors to CIDOC CRM 7.1.1

Release Date : 
May 2021
Current main editorrs: 
Chryssoula Bekiari
George Bruseker
Martin Doerr
Christian-Emil Ore
Stephen Stead
Athanasios Velios

Entities and Properties

sort ascending
P99 dissolved (was dissolved by)
P98 brought into life (was born)
P97 from father (was father for)
P96 by mother (gave birth)
P95 has formed (was formed by)
P94 has created (was created by)
P93 took out of existence (was taken out of existence by)
P92 brought into existence (was brought into existence by)
P91 has unit (is unit of)
P90 has value
P9 consists of (forms part of)
P89 falls within (contains)
P86 falls within (contains)
P82 at some time within
P81 ongoing throughout
P80 end is qualified by
P8 took place on or within (witnessed)
P79 beginning is qualified by
P76 has contact point (provides access to)
P75 possesses (is possessed by)
P74 has current or former residence (is current or former residence of)
P73 has translation (is translation of)
P72 has language (is language of)
P71 lists (is listed in)
P70 documents (is documented in)
P7 took place at (witnessed)
P69 has association with (is associated with)
P68 foresees use of (use foreseen by)
P67 refers to (is referred to by)
P65 shows visual item (is shown by)
P62 depicts (is depicted by)
P59 has section (is located on or within)
P57 has number of parts
P56 bears feature (is found on)
P55 has current location (currently holds)
P54 has current permanent location (is current permanent location of)
P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of)
P52 has current owner (is current owner of)
P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of)
P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of)
P5 consists of (forms part of)
P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of)
P48 has preferred identifier (is preferred identifier of)
P46 is composed of (forms part of)
P45 consists of (is incorporated in)
P44 has condition (is condition of)
P43 has dimension (is dimension of)
P42 assigned (was assigned by)
P41 classified (was classified by)
P40 observed dimension (was observed in)
P4 has time-span (is time-span of)
P39 measured (was measured by)
P38 deassigned (was deassigned by)
P37 assigned (was assigned by)
P35 has identified (was identified by)
P34 concerned (was assessed by)
P33 used specific technique (was used by)
P32 used general technique (was technique of)
P31 has modified (was modified by)
P30 transferred custody of (custody transferred through)
P3 has note
P29 custody received by (received custody through)
P28 custody surrendered by (surrendered custody through)
P27 moved from (was origin of)
P26 moved to (was destination of)
P25 moved (moved by)
P24 transferred title of (changed ownership through)
P23 transferred title from (surrendered title through)
P22 transferred title to (acquired title through)
P21 had general purpose (was purpose of)
P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of)
P2 has type (is type of)
P198 holds or supports (is held or supported by)
P197 covered parts of (was partially covered by)
P196 defines (is defined by)
P195 was a presence of (had presence)
P191 had duration (was duration of)
P190 has symbolic content
P19 was intended use of (was made for)
P189 approximates (is approximated by)
P188 requires production tool (is production tool for)
P187 has production plan (is production plan for)
P186 produced thing of product type (is produced by)
P185 ends before the end of (ends after the end of)
P184 ends before or with the end of (ends with or after the end of)
P183 ends before the start of (starts after the end of)
P182 ends before or with the start of (starts after or with the end of)
P180 has currency (was currency of)
P179 had sales price (was sales price of)
P177 assigned property of type (is type of property assigned)
P176 starts before the start of (starts after the start of)
P175 starts before or with the start of (starts after or with the start of)
P174 starts before the end of (ends after the start of)
P173 starts before or with the end of (ends after or with the start of)
P172 contains
P171 at some place within
P170 defines time (time is defined by)
P17 was motivated by (motivated)
P169 defines spacetime volume (spacetime volume is defined by)
P168 place is defined by (defines place)
P167 was within (includes)
P166 was a presence of (had presence)
P165 incorporates (is incorporated in)
P164 is temporally specified by (temporally specifies)
P161 has spatial projection (is spatial projection of)
P160 has temporal projection (is temporal projection of)
P16 used specific object (was used for)
P157 is at rest relative to (provides reference space for)
P156 occupies (is occupied by)
P152 has parent (is parent of)
P151 was formed from (participated in)
P150 defines typical parts of (defines typical wholes for)
P15 was influenced by (influenced)
P148 has component (is component of)
P147 curated (was curated by)
P146 separated from (lost member by)
P145 separated (left by)
P144 joined with (gained member by)
P143 joined (was joined by)
P142 used constituent (was used in)
P141 assigned (was assigned by)
P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by)
P14 carried out by (performed)
P139 has alternative form
P138 represents (has representation)
P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by)
P136 was based on (supported type creation)
P135 created type (was created by)
P134 continued (was continued by)
P133 is spatiotemporally separated from
P132 spatiotemporally overlaps with
P130 shows features of (features are also found on)
P13 destroyed (was destroyed by)
P129 is about (is subject of)
P128 carries (is carried by)
P127 has broader term (has narrower term)
P126 employed (was employed in)
P125 used object of type (was type of object used in)
P124 transformed (was transformed by)
P123 resulted in (resulted from)
P122 borders with
P121 overlaps with
P12 occurred in the presence of (was present at)
P113 removed (was removed by)
P112 diminished (was diminished by)
P111 added (was added by)
P110 augmented (was augmented by)
P11 had participant (participated in)
P109 has current or former curator (is current or former curator of)
P108 has produced (was produced by)
P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of)
P106 is composed of (forms part of)
P105 right held by (has right on)
P104 is subject to (applies to)
P103 was intended for (was intention of)
P102 has title (is title of)
P101 had as general use (was use of)
P100 was death of (died in)
P10 falls within (contains)
P1 is identified by (identifies)